Hong Kong is the smallest city in China, with 1,100 Km square, 6.8 million in population.
15 units of Accident & Emergency (A&E) in various hospitals under the governance of Hospital Authority, publicly owned; 2.3 million total attendance in 1998
A&E service is free of charge. A&E nursing history is short (1947-present); total A&E nurses: about 700
First A&E unit (formerly called Casualty) was in Queen Mary Hospital (1947). Latest one is in Tseung Kwan O Hospital (2000).
Nurses started to learn ENB199 in UK, in mid 1980s'. 1 to 3 nurses a year. First locally designed A&E nursing certification course was in 1994. First nurse gained CEN, USA in 1998. First TNCC provider study at USA (1995). TNCC instructor training started in Hong Kong in 2000.
Hong Kong Society of emergency medicine & surgery formed in 1985, nurses to join the society as affiliated members only. We have no organisation specifically established for A&E nurses.