[Excerpt from publisher]Human resources for health have become a topical issue at local, regional and global levels. In Namibia health worker mobility remains a concern for those in human resources planning. Achieving equity in this area needs a concerted effort from all sectors involved. However little is understood about the role that conditions of service play in influencing health professional mobility in Namibia. This study was implemented as part of the EQUINET theme work on Human Resources for Health co-ordinated by Health systems Trust. The study set out to explore and describe the influence of conditions of service on the movement and retention of the health professionals in Namibia. It is a qualitative study targeting mainly professional nurses, doctors, social workers and health inspectors at both operational and managerial levels, in public and private sectors.